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Garderobe and Toilet descriptions

Views: 4     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2023-04-21      Origin: Site

Garderobe is the historical term for a room in a medieval castle.The first meaning given by the Oxford English Dictionary is a storeroom for valuables, but also admits "by extension, a private room, a bedroom; also a private room".The word is derived from the French garde de robes, meaning "robe (or clothes) protector": thus, a closet or toilet seat that keeps clothes from getting dirty.

Its most common usage today is as a term for castle toilets.

Storage room

Garderobe, which means "closet" in French, is a lockable place to store clothes and other belongings.According to Medieval architecture scholar Frank Bottomley,a garderobes "is not, properly speaking, a toilet or toilet, but a small room or large cupboard, usually adjoining a room [bedroom] or solar [parlor], and housing valuable clothing and other items Offers safekeeping prices: cloth, jewellery, spices, plates and money.


The term garderobe is also used to refer to a medieval or Renaissance toilet or enclosed stool.In medieval castles, the wardrobe was usually a simple hole that, depending on the structure of the building, drained outward into a cesspit (similar to a pit latrine) or a moat (such as a fishpond latrine).Such toilets are usually placed in a small room, leading to the use of the term garderobe to describe the room.Many can still be seen in Norman and medieval castles and fortifications, such as at Bürresheim Castle in Germany, where three garderobes can still be seen.They became obsolete with the introduction of indoor plumbing.Descriptions of the wardrobe at Donegal Castle suggest that when it was in use, ammonia was believed to protect visitors' coats and cloaks from moths or fleas.

Flush toilet

A typical toilet bowl is a ceramic bowl (pot) with the "upper" side connected to a tank (cistern) for quick filling and the "lower" side connected to a drainpipe for draining dirty water.When the toilet is flushed, the sewage should flow into a septic tank or into a system connected to a sewage treatment plant.However, in many developing countries this processing step does not take place.

The water in the toilet is connected to an inverted U-shaped pipe, and one side of the U-shaped channel is a siphon that is longer than the height of the water in the toilet.The siphon is connected to the drain. The bottom of the drain limits how high the water in the toilet can go before it runs down the drain.The water in the bowl acts as a barrier for sewer gas to enter the building.Sewer gas escapes through a vent pipe connected to the sewer line.Traditional flush toilets typically account for a significant portion of an individual's daily water consumption.However, modern low-flush toilet designs allow for the use of less water per flush.Dual flush toilets allow the user to choose between flushing urine or feces, saving a lot of water compared to traditional fixtures.A dual-flush system allows the flush handle to be pushed up for one flush and down for the other,while another design has two buttons, one One for urination and the other for defecation.In some locations, users are encouraged not to flush after urinating.Flush toilets can be plumbed to use gray water (the water formerly used for dishwashing, laundry, and bathing) instead of potable water (drinking water). Some modern toilets pressurize the water in the tank, which initiates the flushing action using less water.

Another variation is a flush toilet.This type of toilet has no tank and is flushed manually using small buckets of several liters.Flush requires only 2–3 liters (0.44–0.66 imp gal; 0.53–0.79 US gal).This type of toilet is common in many Asian countries.The toilet can be connected to one or two pits, which is called "backflush pit latrine" or "double pit backflush to pit latrine".It can also be connected to a septic tank.Toilets on ships are usually flushed with seawater.

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